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Thinking about having a degree from a reputable university in Europe is exciting, but it may be daunting too.
The first big challenge to tackle is the language requirement.
You may wonder,
‘will my TOEFL / IELTS scores be good enough to study in Europe?’
‘what are the minimum TOEFL / IELTS requirements to get me into the best university programs?’
Find the list of scholarships to study in Europe, here.
However, before we get on to the list, you probably need to know the differences between TOEFL and IELTS.
As you know, both of the exams are designed to measure the English proficiency of a person in four skills, from Reading, Speaking, Writing, and Listening.
First, TOEFL stands for Test Of English as a Foreign Language. Since TOEFL is administered by US-based institutions, this test is favored by American institutions. There are two types of TOEFL exams, the paper-based test (PBT) and the internet-based test (iBT). TOEFL PBT has a score between 310 to 677, while iBT has a scale of 80 to 120.
TOEFL exam questions mainly consist of multiple choice, so you need to think analytically to weigh up the difference between options. TOEFL test takes approximately four hours to complete.
The main differences between TOEFL and IELTS can be found in the Writing and Speaking sections. While TOEFL PBT does not have a Speaking exam, in TOEFL iBT, the Speaking section requires you to answer six questions into a microphone to be recorded and later sent to reviewers. As for the writing section, you need to write two essays, a five-paragraph essay, and a 150-225 word response.
On the other hand, IELTS stands for International English Language Tests. You may want to notice that IELTS uses British English, and is believed to be favored by most European universities (especially the United Kingdom), also by universities in New Zealand and Australia. To complete an IELTS test takes approximately 2 hours and 40 minutes. IELTS requires you to respond to a range of different question types, not just multiple choice. IELTS has a band system score from 1 to 9.
IELTS Writing section requires you to complete two tasks. The first task is to explain the information in a graph or chart, and later you will need to write a 200-250 word response. While on the Speaking session, you need to speak directly face-to-face with an examiner – a real person, not a computer.
Find the list of universities in Europe, here.
As you can see, the expected level of English may vary according to the university.
Keep in mind that language requirement is one of the challenges you must tackle, and the university may consider other factors, such as your GPA or motivation letter. Also, don’t get discouraged if you don’t meet the minimum criteria on your first try.
Remember the old saying – practice makes perfect.